Item #11852 A book of the Art and maner, howe to plante and graffe all sortes of trees. Leonard Mascall.
A book of the Art and maner, howe to plante and graffe all sortes of trees.
A book of the Art and maner, howe to plante and graffe all sortes of trees.
“A TRULY PIONEERING BOOK” — JOHNSTON

A book of the Art and maner, howe to plante and graffe all sortes of trees.

London, H. Bynneman for J. Wight [1572].

4to (183 x 133 mm.). [xxiv], 90 [10]p. Black Letter type (roman for dedication and section headings, scattered italic), historiated woodcut initials (one of a man plowing), FULL PAGE WOODCUT OF TEN GRAFTING INSTRUMENTS with letterpress captions, SIX TEXT WOODCUTS showing, i.a., grafts, plants and seeds (one repeated), title woodcut of a man grafting (repeated from the text).

Blue paper wrappers, blue morocco backed blue paper chemise (signed Devauchelle, misdated “1569” on the spine) with a blue paper slipcase.

SECOND EDITION of English naturalist Leonard Mascall’s first publication. It is “a major landmark in the development of British arboriculture… the first readily available text on…the care of trees to be published in the English language…. He is an undoubted champion of the professional gardener and arborist…Mascall…displays an awareness of basic arboriculture that is far in advance of other British texts from the sixteenth century” (Johnston).
            Emphasizing both practical experience and familiarity with local conditions, Mascall details the planting, cultivating, propagating, grafting and transplanting of trees and vines of all sorts, including pear, fig, peach, apricot, damson, apple, medlar, quince, cherry, mulberry, gooseberry, chestnut, almond, grape and hop. He illustrates the necessary tools — pruning knives, saws, chisels, a mallet and hammer with file — and the most effective grafting methods. He takes up how to improve fruit flavor, prevent infestations of ants, caterpillars, snails and worms and HOW TO MAKE WINES AND CIDERS. Knowledgeable, accomplished and enterprising, Mascall drew on the work of French Benedictine horticulturist David Brossard and unidentified German and/or Dutch sources. He served as kitchen clerk to the Archbishop of Canterbury.
           This edition is dated after the final line on C3v. Our copy contains two quires (A, N) from the first edition and an apparently unknown setting of type in the outer forme of quire D (the inner forme is from the first edition. 
           A good copy (minor ink smudges, title soiled and with two short tears — one blank margin brusquely repaired), scattered contemporary annotations, contemporary inscription of Thomas Johnson on the title (trimmed), slightly later signature of Edward G(u)ardiner on the final verso. My thanks to Dr. Aaron Pratt and Mr. Stephen Tabor for their insights.
¶Johnston, The Tree Experts: A History of Professional Arboriculture in Britain 88-90; Thomas & Faircloth, Shakespeare's Plants and Gardens: A Dictionary 157-60; Henrey, British Botanical and Horticultural Literature I: 63-4 & no. 16; Luborsky, A Guide to English Illustrated Books, 1536-1603 17574; Pollard & Redgrave, Rev. STC 17574; ESTC S112379; USTC 507504; see Simon’s Bibliotheca gastronomica 1011 and Bibliotheca bacchica II: 438 “fort rare”.

Item #11852

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