Item #11828 Saggi Di Naturali Esperienze Fatte Nell’Accademia Del Cimento. Accademia del Cimento.
Saggi Di Naturali Esperienze Fatte Nell’Accademia Del Cimento.
Saggi Di Naturali Esperienze Fatte Nell’Accademia Del Cimento.
Saggi Di Naturali Esperienze Fatte Nell’Accademia Del Cimento.
THE FIRST PUBLISHED REPORTS FROM A SCIENTIFIC RESEARCH LAB
THE BEGINNING OF MODERN PHYSICS

Saggi Di Naturali Esperienze Fatte Nell’Accademia Del Cimento.

Naples, B.-M. Raillard 1714.

Folio (335 x 218 mm.). [xii], cclxix, [15]p. SEVENTY-FIVE FULL-PAGE ENGRAVED PLATES OF SCIENTIFIC INSTRUMENTS AND EXPERIMENTS, title in red and black with the Academy’s engraved device.

CONTEMPORARY GILT AND PAINTED BROWN MOROCCO (rubbed, tips worn, minor defects). Gilt rules and blooms border the outer foliage frame, which has been touched with ?silver paint. The partly pointillé volutes massed in the corners have also been highlighted with ?silver as have the volutes enclosing the circular central medallion with THE ARMS OF THE CUNNING AND RICH CESARE MICHELANGELO D’AVALOS. Repetitions of an open leaf tool fill the surrounding. The spine (crown defective) is similarly gilt and painted, all edges gilt.

            The only publication by the first scientific academy, “including such original minds as Viviani (pupil of Galileo and Torricelli), the anatomist Borelli, mineralogist Steno, embryologist Redi and astronomer Cassini. Their combined efforts…served as a model to other groups in the use of methods they evolved and instruments they developed” (Dibner). Daumas points out the importance of the Accademia in the construction and distribution of scientific instruments, including the Florentine thermometer and the mercury air pump, to practitioners of all ranks.
           Experiments investigated air pressure, the speed of sound, radiant heat, phosphorescence, the compressibility of water, vacuums, electricity and magnetism, melting points, color and chemistry, the physiology of digestion (using dissection) and the velocity of light. Of particular note is the discovery of the plane of oscillation of a pendulum, later used by Foucault to demonstrate the rotation of the earth. The work is also of literary significance for its linguistic purity and “colorful, almost dramatic, language” (Campedelli, DSB 9: 3). It appeared ten times in English, Latin, Italian and French between 1667 and 1810.
           Wealthy, an astute political conspirator — exiled, condemned to death, raised to Prince of the Holy Roman Empire then restored to his estates in 1713 — the brilliant and generous Cesare Michelangelo d’Avalos, marquis of Pescara and Vasto, prince of Isernia and Francavilla (1667-1729) financed this edition the following year.
            THIS FINE COPY WAS SPLENDIDLY BOUND FOR HIM WITH HIS ARMS (natural paper flaw touching two letters). In the dedication, this printing’s editor, Lorenzo Ciccarelli, bows low before his Mæcenas, whose librarian was the prolific writer, translator and historian, Alessandro Berti.
¶For various editions see: Dibner’s Heralds of Science 82 and Mirto’s, “Genesis of the *Saggi* and its Publishing Success” in The Accademia del Cimento and its European Context edd. Beretta et al. 135-149 and Cinti’s Biblioteca Galileiana 146 and Daumas’s Les Instruments scientifiques aux XVIIe et XVIIIe siècles 87 and Singer’s A History of Technology III: 636-637 and Baillie’s Clocks and Watches 74-5 and Duveen’s Bibliotheca alchemica et chemica 636 and Weaver’s Catalogue of the Wheeler Gift 196.

Item #11828

Price: $8,800.00