Item #11237 Opera Medicinalia. De Elementis. De Hvmoribvs. De Temperamentis. [With as issued: Liber De Facvltatibvs. De Semine…. De Hominis procreatione a conceptu in partum…. Pveri et puerperæ regimen. Petrus de PERAMATO.
Opera Medicinalia. De Elementis. De Hvmoribvs. De Temperamentis. [With as issued: Liber De Facvltatibvs. De Semine…. De Hominis procreatione a conceptu in partum…. Pveri et puerperæ regimen.
Opera Medicinalia. De Elementis. De Hvmoribvs. De Temperamentis. [With as issued: Liber De Facvltatibvs. De Semine…. De Hominis procreatione a conceptu in partum…. Pveri et puerperæ regimen.
Opera Medicinalia. De Elementis. De Hvmoribvs. De Temperamentis. [With as issued: Liber De Facvltatibvs. De Semine…. De Hominis procreatione a conceptu in partum…. Pveri et puerperæ regimen.
Opera Medicinalia. De Elementis. De Hvmoribvs. De Temperamentis. [With as issued: Liber De Facvltatibvs. De Semine…. De Hominis procreatione a conceptu in partum…. Pveri et puerperæ regimen.
Opera Medicinalia. De Elementis. De Hvmoribvs. De Temperamentis. [With as issued: Liber De Facvltatibvs. De Semine…. De Hominis procreatione a conceptu in partum…. Pveri et puerperæ regimen.
Opera Medicinalia. De Elementis. De Hvmoribvs. De Temperamentis. [With as issued: Liber De Facvltatibvs. De Semine…. De Hominis procreatione a conceptu in partum…. Pveri et puerperæ regimen.
SO MANY FIRSTS

Opera Medicinalia. De Elementis. De Hvmoribvs. De Temperamentis. [With as issued: Liber De Facvltatibvs. De Semine…. De Hominis procreatione a conceptu in partum…. Pveri et puerperæ regimen.

Sanlúcar a Barrameda, Fernandez Díaz for Gaspar Alonso Pérez de Guzman Duque de Medina Sidonia 1576.

Three parts or volumes in one. Folio (277 x 195 mm.). [iv], 166 and [iv], 130 and 99, [3] leaves. Woodcut initials, a woodcut Díaz device, large woodcut arms of the dedicatee on all three titles.

Slightly later GILT-RULED GREEN MOROCCO WITH GILT CIPHERS OF CHARLES DE VALOIS IN THE CORNERS AND HIS ARMS on both panels (O-H-R 2600,5 this copy; rear panel partly stained, top and bottom of the hinges slightly cracked), gilt-ruled and -lettered flat spine with his gilt cipher repeated in six compartments, all edges gilt.

Only Edition. This is the only surviving book by the renown Portuguese physician, who comfortably managed ancient, medieval and contemporary literature, citing, among others, Realdo Colombo, Gaspar López, Cristoforo Marcello, Vallés de Covarrubias and Giovanni Manardi along with Galen, Hippocrates and Avicenna. In fourteen essays of varying length, he treats the general practice of medicine and psychiatry (Pt. I), obstetrics and pediatrics (II) and hematology and bodily emissions (III).
            The first part is in three sections. After outlining the forces affecting man and his environment and the nature, role and influence of humors, the author offers an extended dissertation on psychiatry (ff. 63-166), investigating fantasy, memory, imagination, climate, geography, gender, age, the five senses and the nervous system, including the dorsal and optical nerves. THIS IS ONE OF THE EARLIEST WORKS OF ITS KIND BY AN IBERIAN PHYSICIAN.
            In seven sections and fifty-eight chapters, the second part concerns human reproduction and infant care. Peramato takes up reproductive organs, sterility, fertility, sperm, coitus, conception, pregnancy term, premature births and how to impede them. In this regard he mentions a case in which a baby survived a three-month pre-term delivery. He also provides information on the position of the fetus in the womb, fetal extraction, lactation, breast milk as a source of nourishment and disease, the healing of connective tissue, postpartum hygiene and therapeutics, puerperal fever, regimens for newborns, childhood diseases like neonatal conjunctivitis, birth defects like cleft palate, congenital physical handicaps…. He cursorily addresses the educational of children as well.
            This text too ranks as ONE OF THE FIRST SIGNIFICANT RENAISSANCE CONTRIBUTIONS TO THE FIELD BY A SPANISH OR PORTUGUESE WRITER.
            The final part has two sections. The shorter presents Peramato’s views on blood, the varying degrees of its vitality, the influence of humors and their related symptoms such as melancholy. The folio concludes with an extensive review of bodily emissions, purgatives, vomiting, sweating and phlebotomy. On this last topic, he aims at the practitioner, clarifying when to bleed patients along with technical advice on how to do it.
            Three percent of printed book production in the Iberian peninsula to 1601 was medical, and only two-fifths of that was in Latin (Wilkinson xix-xx & figg. 2-3). That is, Latinate medical works printed in Spain and Portugal represent .0012 of all surviving Iberian editions to 1601. Certainly, those by native authors are but a fraction of that. I have not traced a copy at auction back to 1950.
            Peramato himself was a bit of a character. His infamous murder of his wife for infidelity inspired the popular rhyme, Per Mato/ Mató a su mujer/ Fizolo tarde,/ Mas fizolo bien (Per Mato, he killed is wife. He did it late, but he did it well). His protector was ALONSO PÉREZ DE GUZMÁN DUKE OF MEDINA SIDONIA: THE PUBLISHER OF THE PRESENT VOLUME AND THE DEDICATEE OF ALL THREE PARTS. Heir to one of the greatest fortunes of Europe, he (1559-1615) is remembered as the reluctant commander of the Spanish Armada during its disastrous 1588 defeat by the English, which made him a butt of Cervantes’ satire.
            THIS IS THE FIRST BOOK PRINTED IN SANLÚCAR DE BARRAMEDA, a town well known as several Conquistadors’ point of departure for the Americas, including the expedition to Florida lead by Pánfilo de Narváez on which Cabeza de Vaca crewed.
            The present example belonged to the bastard of Charles IX, Charles de Valois (1573-1650), who renounced his high ecclesiastical titles and properties for a military career. His intrigues with Spain against the French Crown earned him life in prison, from which he was released in 1616, when he returned to the army. His considerable library was dispersed during the French Revolution. Two-word pasteover correction (II: [ii]), in good condition (a half dozen scattered quires somewhat browned).
¶López Piñeiro, Bibliographia médica hispánica 1475-1950 I: 469; Hernandez Morejon, Historia bibliográfica de la medicina española V: 20-7; Durling, A Catalog of Sixteenth Century Printed Books in the National Library of Medicine 3590; Laehr, Die Literatur der Psychiatrie 71 (Pt. I, “4to”) & 105 (Pt. I “1596”); Schüling, Bibliographie der psychologischen Literatur des 16. Jahrhunderts 198; Wilkinson, Iberian Books…before 1601 14501; Palau 218125-26 & 218128 (all after the BL ex.).

Item #11237

Price: $16,500.00