?Madrid, ?Alonso Gómez .
Folio (414 x 301 mm.). [i], xliii leaves.
PRINTED ON VELLUM. Rounded gothic type, roman for shoulder notes, elegant eight-line woodcut initial E, title in an elaborate architectural woodcut frame including the arms of King Philip II of Spain (signed by Antonio II de Arfe), title verso with the large woodcut of the arms of Vázquez de Salazar (also probably by Arfe).
Contemporary vellum wrapper (minor stains).
VÁSQUEZ DE SALAZAR, Juan. 1530-1597.
Previlegio De Las Alcaualas dela villa del Marmol, y sus terminos y jurisdiction, a Iuan Vazquez de Salazar, Secretario de su Magestad, y de su Consejo, señor de la dicha villa, para desde primero dia del mes de Henero del anno de mil y quinientos y setenta y siete en adelante perpetuamente.
?Madrid, ?A. Gómez . Folio (380 x 287 mm.). [i], viii,  leaves. PRINTED ON VELLUM. Roman type, the same woodcut initial and coats of arms by Arfe.
PRINTED VELLUM SELF-WRAPPERS.
Both volumes preserved in a blind-ruled morocco box, gilt-lettered spine title and date.
Ad I-II: Only Editions. These record the transfer of the town of El Mármol, and its adjoining fortress of Torre de Tiédar, from King Philip II to Juan Vázquez de Salazar (1530-97), one of Philip’s most trusted advisors. Both documents are boldly authenticated in contemporary manuscript by multiple government officials.
The sale was triggered by Spain’s third state bankruptcy. The government had suspended payments in 1575 and only resumed them two years later, funded, in part, by the sale of royal assets. The papacy aided this recapitalization by ceding the rights and revenues of minor Episcopal holdings, of which El Mármol was one, to the king in exchange for nominal annual royal requitals.
With this sale, Philip received a lump sum of some 5,700,000 maravedís: one hundred and twelve times his annual payment to the bishopric of 50,800 maravedís. Vázquez, on the other hand, reasonably sought benefits beyond the affection of the king. As buyer, he needed to receive roughly 814,000 maravedís per annum to recoup his investment in seven years.
To protect his rights to the land, its rents, taxes and duties, Vázquez had copies of these two contracts printed on vellum, as mandated in the text of each. A single quire of forty-four leaves, the longer and larger Privilege (I) begins with a summary in Latin of the royal acquisition of the land and real estate revenues from ecclesiastical authorities, and then presents the detailed stipulations in Spanish under which these assets passed to Vázquez. The shorter and smaller Privilege (II) is entirely in Spanish and concerns the collection of duties, or alcabalas, paid by itinerant merchants.
Two officials fixed their paraphs to the bottom of every page, certifying the texts’ accuracy, and, on 2 December 1577, various officials attached their names and paraphs at the end of each Privilege. Chief among these witnesses is Royal Notary, Francisco de Garnica (1526-90), who is referred to throughout the printed texts. Each document likely had a lead seal (perished).
I have located three sets, all in Spain (at least one on paper). In original condition, first rectos later numbered 10 and 13, respectively.
¶USTC 5045627 & 5046198 (both BnE only); Cartas Cartas, “La Villa de El Mármol en los privilegios otorgados por Felipe II a su secretario D. Juan Vázquez Salazar” (online); not in Palau or Pérez Pastor’s Bibliografia Madrileña.